Here's a useful guide on 3 fascinating healthy diet options
It's the beginning of a new year, which means it's time to reflect on your past. Did you have any goals for 2021? Did you feel like they were achievable? Did you find yourself slipping back into unhealthy habits? Or did you maintain your healthy lifestyle? Regardless of whether or not you succeeded in achieving your goals last year, there are steps that can be taken to ensure that this year goes better. Making resolutions is a good place to start. Here are 3 different diets for staying healthy during the new year, and how making these healthy diets will help you succeed in the long run.
Why do we diet?
No one wants to be overweight. In fact, many want to lose weight in order to lead a healthier lifestyle. While not all diets can make you lose weight, there are always strategies that work for some people. But the question remains: why do we diet? There are a number of reasons that people diet. Understanding your reasons for doing so is the key to successful weight loss. For example, some may want to improve their health while others might want to improve their appearance. What matters most is understanding what motivates you and making sure your goals match up with your reasons for dieting. Having a clear reason why you are dieting is important as it will give a purpose and meaning to your lifestyle change and could make it easier to maintain in the long run.
Plant based diet
This diet has become very well known, especially this past decade because of two main versions, vegetarian and veganism, although these are not the only ones to exist. The flexitarian diet allows the consumption of meat, poultry and fish but in moderation.
Those who follow vegetarianism will eliminate meat, poultry and fish from their diet whilst retaining things like honey and eggs. Veganism takes this a step further and eliminates all products made from animals. The flexitarian diet is more of a lifestyle choice as it believes in eating things in moderation, though focuses and encourages people to eat plant based foods. This is one of the most popular choices.
Many people choose this diet because it’s seen as eco friendly. In my previous blog I mentioned how the meat industry is involved in much of the world's climate change.
When it comes to weight loss, the plant based diet is seen to reduce weight faster than those who eat meat. This is because many foods are high in fibre but low in calories .
Cons: Eliminating meat from your diet can cause you to miss out on key vitamins such as Vitamin B12, unless you're on the flexitarian diet, you’ll have to take a supplement to get it.
Intermittent fasting works in cycles, a period of time where you eat and a period of time where you do not eat. There are many strategies out there such as the 16/8 which limits your calorie intake for 8 hours a day, or the 5:2 method where you only have 500 - 600 calories twice a week.
Benefits: Because you’re not eating, this reduces the calorie you take. Studies also show that intermittent fasting increases metabolism, how much fat you burn within a given time though it retains muscle mass. 
Cons: Intermittent fasting is safe for many healthy adults, though if you have diabetes, an eating disorder or you’re pregnant, it’s best to ask your GP or Doctor before starting.
As a Muslim, I have quite a lot of experience with fasting since Muslims fast for an entire month during Ramadan. A pro tip is to not eat oily foods before fasting as this can mess up your digestion, and keep hydrated during this time too.
The Keto Diet
The keto diet is a high fat but low carb diet which is shown to produce several health benefits. It involves having extremely low levels of carbohydrates and replacing it with fats. This puts your body in a state of ketosis where your body becomes amazingly efficient in burning fat to create energy.
Benefits: It’s a proven method of losing weight and to lower chances of diseases. 
You don’t have to count the calories, because what you're eating is already low in calories.
Cons: You may find yourself very restricted when it comes to lunch or dinner as things like rice, pasta or bread are out of bounds.
The bottom line is that you shouldn’t feel compelled to go for either one, learn what diet suits your life and go with it, feel free to experiment with more than one too!
 Clarys, P., Deliens, T., Huybrechts, I., Deriemaeker, P., Vanaelst, B., De Keyzer, W., Hebbelinck, M., & Mullie, P. (2014). Comparison of nutritional quality of the vegan, vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian and omnivorous diet. Nutrients, 6(3), 1318–1332. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu6031318
 Moro, T., Tinsley, G., Bianco, A., Marcolin, G., Pacelli, Q. F., Battaglia, G., Palma, A., Gentil, P., Neri, M., & Paoli, A. (2016). Effects of eight weeks of time-restricted feeding (16/8) on basal metabolism, maximal strength, body composition, inflammation, and cardiovascular risk factors in resistance-trained males. Journal of translational medicine, 14(1), 290. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-016-1044-0